Luxor – History


The resort is flanked by the Mandalay Bay to the south and by the Excalibur to the north; all three are connected by free express and local trams. All three properties were built by Circus Circus Enterprises, which in 1999 became Mandalay Resort Group.

Ground was broken for the Luxor in 1992 and officially opened eighteen months later at 4 A.M on October 15, 1993 to a crowd of 10,000 people. When it opened, the pyramid, which cost $375 million to build, was the tallest building on the strip and contained 2,526 rooms and a 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) casino The resort was financed by “petty cash” earned from other Circus Circus Enterprises properties and did not include any outside financial investors.


A theater and two additional hotel towers totaling 2,000 rooms were added in 1998 for $675 million. When the resort opened, it featured the Nile River Tour which was a river ride that carried guests to different parts of the pyramid and passed by pieces of ancient artwork on a river that encircled the casino. The casino also featured King Tut’s Tomb and Museum, a duplicate of King Tutankhamen’s tomb as found in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor, Egypt. In July 2007, owner MGM Resorts International announced plans to thoroughly renovate the Luxor, spending $300 million to remodel 80 percent of Luxor’s public areas, removing much of the ancient Egyptian theme and replacing it with more adult-oriented and modern lounges, restaurants and clubs.

On May 7, 2007, a vehicle exploded in a Luxor Hotel parking garage due to a homemade bomb which left one dead. Local authorities believe the victim, a 24-year-old employee at Nathan’s Famous hot dog restaurant in the Luxor food court, was the intended target. The hotel was not evacuated, operations continued uninterrupted and the parking structure as well as the casino were undamaged.


From 2000 to 2005, the Luxor Theatre was the home of the performance-art show Blue Man Group, which has since moved to The Venetian.


Designed by hotel architect Veldon Simpson and interior designer Charles Silverman, the Luxor has received recognition as being among the most recognizable hotels on the strip because of its unique design. The main portion of the hotel is a 365-foot (111 m)-high, 30-story pyramid encased in 11 acres of dark bronze glass. The guest rooms are situated on the outer walls of the pyramid and are reached by riding in “inclinators” that travel along the inner surface of the pyramid at a 39-degree angle. The hotel also features a 29 million cubic feet (820,000 m³) atrium, which was the largest open atrium in the world when it was built in 1993. The hotel is marked by a 140-foot (43 m)-high obelisk and a 110-foot (34 m)-tall re-creation of the Great Sphinx of Giza.


The tip of the pyramid contains a fixed-position spotlight that points directly upward and is claimed to be the brightest beam in the world at over 42.3 billion candle power. The light is created by 39 Xenon lamps which use computer designed curved mirrors to collect the light and focus it into one intense beam. According to the Luxor website, “engineers say that an astronaut could read a newspaper by Luxor’s Sky Beam from ten miles into space” and “on a clear night, the Sky Beam is visible up to 250 miles away to an airplane at cruising altitude

The Story behind the Luxor Light


The Luxor sky beam is the highest profile symbol in a high-profile town. There are no elevators to the top of the Luxor pyramid, and the few people who ever visit the pinnacle get there by climbing a steep series of long ladders. The first thing you learn at the top is that there is no giant light bulb. Instead, 39 individual lamps, housed in dark, sturdy reflectors sprout from the floor like a forest. You won’t find these on sale at Walmart. Each Xenon lamp costs about $1,200 and will last 2,000 hours, working more like a welder’s arc than a light bulb. Each lamp is 7,000 watts. That’s one billion candlepower per lamp. It might seem excessive in these times of tight energy supplies, but Luxor has gone to great lengths to make the system more efficient. Operating hours are now limited, and more advanced equipment has been installed, but still, it’s $51 an hour, and $20 an hour. It gets pretty hot in the lamp room, even without the light turned on –136 degrees on the day of our visit. The real show begins just after sundown, when the system automatically kicks in first with warning noises and flashes, then with the music and lights being turned on.


On August, 31 2007, LAX Nightclub officially opened at a party hosted by Britney Spears. A number of other celebrities, including Christina Aguilera, have also hosted events at the club. The two-level, 26,000 sq ft (2,400 m²) venue contains 78 VIP tables and Noir Bar, which according to the Las Vegas Review Journal is an “ultra-elite bar” that is a reservations-only establishment. Additional nightlife destinations within Luxor include CatHouse, Aurora, Liquidity, Flight, High Bar and Play Bar.


This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Luxor Las Vegas”, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.